Wanted: partners with vision
Capitalising on Paragraf’s patented process for direct deposition of graphene on semiconductor compatible substrates demands progressive partners with vision and dynamism. We are ready to work with you to develop or enhance your products and applications in the fields of:
- Renewable energy
- Energy storage
- Semiconductor technologies
Existing partnership projects
Negligible planar Hall effect – partnership with CERN
At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, physicists employ the largest particle accelerators in the world to study how our world is built at the fundamental level by colliding sub-atomic particles. These accelerators rely on large numbers of normal and superconducting magnets to steer and focus the particle beam to their collision points.
Paragraf has partnered with the Magnetic Measurements section at CERN, which is in charge of testing these magnets using the latest available techniques. Together, CERN and Paragraf have made the remarkable discovery that Paragraf’s Graphene Hall effect Sensor (GHS) exhibits negligible ‘planar Hall effect’ owing to the 2D nature of graphene.
Existing Hall effect sensors all exhibit planar Hall effects, which manifest as artefacts in magnetic measurements and significantly limit measurement resolution. The GHS has therefore unlocked the potential for new kinds of high accuracy magnet characterisation techniques, which this exciting collaboration will aim to develop.
Indium replacement – Queen Mary University, London
Indium is used mainly in Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) which is applied widely in solar panels, mobile phones, television screens and computers. It is on the EU Critical Materials List, and over two-thirds of the world’s scarce reserves are in China. At a current price of £360/kg, global demand for Indium is £2.6bn/year and rising.
Queen Mary University, London is collaborating with Paragraf and performing basic graphene research to study and develop a wide range of graphene devices. Paragraf “next-generation” graphene will also be assessed by the University as a potential ITO replacement for organic LEDs. The project is funded by a £500,000 award from Innovate UK.
Solar cell efficiency improvement – Verditek
Traditional solar cells have effectively reached their maximum level of efficiency, at around 23-24%. Improvements of <0.5% are considered highly significant. Performance is constrained by the metal mesh used to disperse current across the cell, and protect it from damage. The shading effect of the mesh prevents around 3% of the surface area from absorbing light.
Depositing optically transparent, highly conductive graphene directly onto the solar cell surface facilitates current dispersal and eliminates shading. In principle, this will improve solar cell efficiency by 3%. Paragraf is working in partnership with Verditek, which is supplying solar cells for graphene deposition. A project to prove the principle has been completed, and a further Joint Development Partnership has now been agreed to advance the technology for the first large-scale graphene silicon solar cell.